Taekwondo is a Korean martial art, and is the national sport of South Korea.
Therefore Tae Kwon Do means “the way of the hand and foot”.
Taekwondo has been an Olympic sport since 2000, and thus the art branches out into 2 distinct types:
Taekwondo mainly uses kicks thrown from a mobile stance, taking advantage of the the greater reach and power of the leg compared to the arm. Taekwondo also includes a system of blocks, kicks, punches, and open-handed strikes and may also include various take-downs or sweeps, throws, and joint locks. Some taekwondo instructors also incorporate the use of pressure points, known as jiapsul, as well as grabbing self-defense techniques borrowed from other martial arts, such as Ju Jitsu and Judo.
The earliest records of Taekwondo date back to around 50 B.C in ancient Korea, when the country was divided into 3 kingdoms; Silla, which was founded on the Kyongju plain in 57 B.C.; Koguryo, founded in the Yalu River Valley in 37 B.C.; and Paekche, founded in the southwestern area of the Korean peninsula in 18 B.C.
For more details please see:
Today the art is split into the 2 main forms listed above, and is based on the Eleven Commandments of modern day Taekwondo, which are:
Author: The Bear Martial Arts Team